Authors: Kaleem Ullah Irfan and Talat Islam

Research Article

Year: 2021, Volume 21 Number 4

Pages: 23 – 35


This study attempts to investigate how ethical leadership enhances nurses’ in-role and extra-role performances with the mediation of psychological empowerment. We used a cross-sectional time-lag design and collected data from 371 nurses and their immediate supervisors through a questionnaire-based survey. The data on ethical leadership and psychological empowerment were collected from nurses at T1, whereas data on in-role and extra-role performance were collected from their immediate supervisors at T2. The results revealed positive associations of ethical leadership with psychological empowerment, in-role, and extra-role performance. Further, hierarchical regression confirms the mediating role of psychological empowerment between the associations of ethical leadership with in-role and extra-role performance. 

Keywords: Ethical leadership, In-role performance, Extra-role performance, COVID-19, healthcare