Authors: Fauzia Nazam and Akbar Husain 

Research Article

Year: 2021, Volume 21 Number 1 

Pages: 188 – 196


Hope is a positive psychological construct, and it has been found to impact academic achievement; dispositional optimism; positive affect and school grades; better problem solving, adjustment, and coping; school connectedness; self- worth; and mental health of children and adolescents. Agency and pathways are two components of hope. Agency is the goal-directed thinking, and pathways are the strategizing new ways to achieve the goal if the original path is blocked. Children’s Hope Scale (CHS) is one of the widely used scales to measure the hope of children. However, the systematic review of the factorial structure of CHS revealed that many studies failed to replicate the original factor structure of the scale. Thus, the present study aims to: (a) establish the construct validity of CHS in the Indian context, and (b) obtain the internal consistency of CHS. The sample consisted of 400 adolescents randomly selected from different public schools of Aligarh City, India. CHS was used to collect data. This scale has six items measuring the two factors of hope, namely, agency and pathways. The results of the present study largely supported the original factor structure of CHS, although two of the items did not load on their original factors.The cumulative percentage of variance explained by two factors of hope was 46.55%. The internal consistency of CHS was found to be .71. Thus,CHS can be considered a valid and reliable psychological test for the assessment of hope among Indian adolescents. 

Keywords: Hope, Children’s Hope Scale, revalidation, Exploratory Factor Analysis